Drawing of god Apedemac from Musswarrat es Sufra.
God of war and the State God of Meroe
Apedemac (or Apedemak) was supposed to resemble a lion with
a human body. Since lions (as animals) symbolized the concept
of power and strength, Apedemac was considered the war god
of Kush. The Kushites believed that Apedemac brought
victories to their armies and defeated their enemies. When
Kushite pharaohs carried military campaigns, they often claimed
the support and companionship of Apedemac.
Relieves of this God dominate the temple walls at Meroe
and Musawwarat es Sofra as well as in many other temples in
On a votive tablet found at Musawwarat es Sofra, King Tañyidamani
expresses his gratification for the divine support of Apedemak.
A translation of the tablet text, reads as follows:
1. You (it is Apedemak who) gives guidance.
2. Revitalize support (for me King Tañyidamani).
3. You guide (me) to satisfaction.
4. (And ) much reverence (for your patron).
5. Give (it) amicably (to me).
6. May (it go forth).