Close up of necklace (showing Bes). Silver. From Meroe. Harvard
University-MFA Boston Exhibition. Khartoum, National Museum.
Source: Wildung, Dietrich. Sudan: Ancient Kingdoms of the
Bes was a local God in ancient Sudan. This god was thought
to protect from evil spirits and bring good luck. Representations
of Bes were uncovered in numerous numbers from ordinary and
rich graves alike, throughout Sudan.
The cult of Bes was associated with pregnancy and the health
conditions of newborns. For that reason, Bes was particularly
popular among women. His representations can be found in toilet
items, such as mirrors, and jewelry.
Also, Bes was strongly associated with music, dancing, humor,
and sexuality. He is often depicted dancing and/or playing
with musical instruments.